Stomach region stimulated determines effects on duodenal motility in rats


Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) is used clinically to promote proximal GI emptying and motility. In acute experiments, we measured duodenal motor responses elicited by GES applied at 141 randomly chosen electrode sites on the stomach serosal surface. Overnight-fasted (H2O available) anesthetized male rats (n = 81) received intermittent biphasic GES for 5 min (20-s-on/40-s-off cycles; I = 0.3 mA; pw = 0.2 ms; 10 Hz). A strain gauge on the serosal surface of the proximal duodenum of each animal was used to evaluate baseline motor activity and the effect of GES. Using ratios of time blocks compared with a 15-min prestimulation baseline, we evaluated the effects of the 5-min stimulation on concurrent activity, on the 10 min immediately after the stimulation, and on the 15-min period beginning with the onset of stimulation. We mapped the magnitude of the duodenal response (three different motility indices) elicited from the 141 stomach sites. Post hoc electrode site maps associated with duodenal responses suggested three zones similar to the classic regions of forestomach, corpus, and antrum. Maximal excitatory duodenal motor responses were elicited from forestomach sites, whereas inhibitory responses occurred with stimulation of the corpus. Moderate excitatory duodenal responses occurred with stimulation of the antrum. Complex, weak inhibitory/excitatory responses were produced by stimulation at boundaries between stomach regions. Patterns of GES efficacies coincided with distributions of previously mapped vagal afferents, suggesting that excitation of the duodenum is strongest when GES electrodes are situated over stomach concentrations of vagal intramuscular arrays, putative stretch receptors in the muscle wall.

Published in: IOPscience


Zhenjun T Tan, Matthew Ward, Robert J Phillips, Xueguo Zhang, Deborah M Jaffey, Logan Chesney, Bartek Rajwa, Elizabeth A Baronowsky, Jennifer McAdams, Terry L Powley

Publication Information:

National LIbrary of Medicine | Epub 2021 Jan 20